Who are the Nazarenes, and why they were considered the most mysterious movement of artists in the name of spirituality
A group of retired art Academies in Vienna occupy an abandoned building in Rome and gain a reputation for their non-standard artistic innovations and unusual appearance (mantle, sandals and long hair). They are now known as the”Nazarenes”. How did the innovative movement try to change the course of art history?
History of the fraternity
In 1809, disillusioned with the teaching methods of the Academy of fine arts in Vienna and the General state of German art, the German artist Julius Schnorr von Carolsfeld organized together with his fellow artists a unified movement, the main goal of which was to revive the energetic and spiritual content in the religious genre of art. The Nazarenes believed that all art should serve a moral or religious purpose. Continue reading
The audience was delighted with this picture. For this work, the Imperial Academy of arts in St. Petersburg awarded the author the title of Professor (1863), critics perceived this as a victory of new trends in art over the old, but the elderly suitors, who at that time were more than enough, had a difficult time.
Theme of the picture
After the appearance of the painting “Unequal marriage” at the academic exhibition (1862), all Russia began to talk about the artist Pukirev. He began his career with the creation of a masterpiece of Russian realistic art, and later he was not able to create a work that was superior or even equal to the masterpiece “Unequal marriage”. Continue reading
The whole life of Marc Chagall is one continuous flight. He flew in his work and moved from place to place, unable to overcome his wanderlust. He was still very young when the Gypsy prophesied him an extraordinary life and love for three women, but only one of them was to become special, and the other two – the most ordinary. However, the prediction about the end of the artist’s earthly journey in flight also came true.
Marc Chagall was extremely lucky: he met the most extraordinary woman in his youth, when he returned to Vitebsk from St. Petersburg, where he studied at the school of the society for the encouragement of artists, and also studied in the Studio of Govelia Seidenberg and took lessons from Lev Bakst. Continue reading