What secrets the author of the most expensive painting in the world kept: little-Known facts about Paul Cezanne
Post-impressionist French artist Paul Cezanne is known for his incredibly diverse style of painting, which strongly influenced the abstract art of the XX century. Cezanne is universally recognized as the father of modern art and is revered as the ancestor of Fauvism and the forerunner of the cubist style.
The works of the French post-impressionist artist Paul Cezanne formed a bridge between impressionism of the late XIX century and cubism of the early XX century. His skill in writing, tone, composition and color is very characteristic and recognizable all over the world.No. 1 In contrast to his contemporaries, Cezanne was rich
Paul Cezanne’s father was a co-founder of a banking firm, which allowed Him to leave a significant inheritance to his son. This made Cezanne financially secure – a privilege that was not available to most of his colleagues. Cezanne’s father wanted his son to become a lawyer. He even attended law school at the University of AIX from 1858 to 1861, but at the same time studied painting. In 1861, he left the University to pursue his dream of becoming a professional artist. His father yielded to his decision, and Cezanne subsequently received an inheritance of 400,000 francs.
No. 2 the Famous writer Emile Zola was a close friend of Cezanne
Who is Emile Zola? Emile Edouard Charles Antoine Zola was a French novelist, playwright, journalist, and the most famous practitioner of the literary school of naturalism. Cezanne and Zola were drawn together by their passion for literature. They admired the romanticism of Victor Hugo, Alphonse Lamartine, and Alfred Musset. They talked a lot about their future, instilling in each other the determination to devote their lives to art. For most of his career, Zola positively celebrated Cezanne’s artistic work. Cezanne’s friendship with Zola lasted for many years, but in 1888 Zola decided to use the image of his friend as the basis for his novel L’ouvre about the tragic artist Claude Lantier. For Cezanne, this act was a violation of decency and agreements. The friendship that had begun as a child was partly destroyed.
No. 3 Cezanne was a pupil of the impressionist Dean – Pizarro
In Paris, Cezanne became a pupil of Camille Pissarro, who is often called the “Dean of impressionist artists”. Camille Pissarro was a Danish-French impressionist and neo-impressionist painter born on the island of Saint Thomas. The greatness of Camille Pizarro – in an impressive contribution to impressionism and post-impressionism. According to Cezanne: “Pissarro was a father to me. The person with whom you can consult. A man a little like the Lord himself.” Later, Cezanne and Pizarro began to work together and the relationship between them became more equal.
No. 4 Cezanne is considered the Creator of modern expressionism
From 1861 to 1870, Cezanne’s works were characterized by a darker palette and heavy use of black. This period of his work is called “dark”. Also during these years, Cezanne often used a palette knife in his works (“Women’s clothing” (1867), “Rape” (1867) and “Murder” (1867-68)).
5 His first child was born out of wedlock
From 1870 to 1878, Cezanne, under the influence of Pissarro, abandoned dark colors, and his paintings became brighter and brighter. This period is called the impressionist stage. Some of his works from that period, which are now considered outstanding, were ridiculed by colleagues at the time. But who never ridiculed the artist, but, on the contrary, supported him, is Pizarro. The bright palette in his work was accompanied by equally bright life events: Cezanne had a son by his beloved woman, Maria-Hortense Fike. By the way, fearing the condemnation of his father, as well as for fear of losing his inheritance, Cezanne hid from him the news of the birth of his son out of wedlock. He found out about his grandson only 6 years later, but did not deprive him of his inheritance. Later, the artist still married Hortense.
No. 6 Cezanne often endured ridicule and rejection
The artist presented paintings at The Paris salon every year from 1864 to 1882. However, he received ridicule from critics. Cezanne exhibited his work eight times with the Impressionists – and all this time received refusals! Subsequently, Cezanne decides not to exhibit his work in public for twenty years. And only in 1904, two years before the artist’s death, in the Paris autumn Salon, an entire room was set aside for the demonstration of Cezanne’s paintings. This exhibition was the first real success, moreover — the triumph of the artist.
No. 7 Cezanne was a slow artist
Cezanne painted slowly, believing that he needed to really and carefully observe and understand his subject before he could capture it with a brush. For example, a portrait could take Cezanne more than 100 working sessions. One day Ambroise Vollard changed his position while Cezanne was painting his portrait. The artist immediately jumped up with the words: “Unfortunate! You’ve ruined your pose! I told you, in fact, that you must hold on like an Apple! Does the Apple make movements?”.
No. 8 Cezanne’s Dedication to his work cost him his life
Cezanne’s strong dedication to painting eventually cost him his life. Once Cezanne was caught in a storm while working in the field. But the harsh weather conditions didn’t stop him from working for another two hours before he decided to go home. On the way home, the artist lost consciousness, they brought him home and he could no longer get out of bed. A few days later, Cezanne died of pneumonia. The artist was buried in the old cemetery in his beloved hometown of AIX-EN-Provence.
No. 9 Picasso and Matisse called Cezanne the father of all artists
Cezanne wanted to present real life in simple forms. His paintings are frozen geometric figures. Even his landscapes, even his portraits, are strictly geometric. He explored optical phenomena to give the viewer an aesthetic sense of depth. Cezanne’s study of geometric simplifications and optical phenomena inspired many 20th-century artists to experiment with simplifications and complex multiple views. “He was the father of all of us” said Matisse or Picasso.
No. 10 Paul Cezanne created one of the most expensive works in the history of painting
“Card players” is a series of five paintings by the French artist Paul Cezanne, written by him in the period 1890-1895. The pictures differ in the number of players depicted and the size. One of the paintings is the second most expensive work of art ever sold at that time. In 2011, the family of the Emir of Qatar agreed to buy the painting from a private collector for $ 250 million. The painting depicts provençal peasants who are fond of playing cards and Smoking pipes. As a hero, the artist used local workers who worked on the estate of the Cezanne family.