“Black painting” by deaf Goya-the artist who created the darkest paintings of all time
There is absolutely no one who looks at the works of Goya would remain indifferent or at least not surprised by what he saw. But not everyone will even dare to look at these frescoes. “Black painting” by Francisco Goya was created more than 200 years ago, but still impresses with its fantasticism and horror.
“Black painting” (Spanish: Pinturas negras) is the name of a cycle of 14 frescoes by Francisco Goya, executed on the wall of his house. The artist painted these wall murals between 1819 and 1823. They describe heavy psychological themes that reflect his insanity and dark view of humanity. None of the frescoes were named by Goya himself; art historians independently provided them with names and their own interpretations of each work.In 1819, at the age of 72, Goya moved to a two-story house outside of Madrid called the “house of the deaf”. Named after its previous deaf owner, Goya also moved to this home almost deaf (the consequences of a fever that the artist had suffered at the age of 46). It is believed that Goya deliberately bought this house to live together with Leocadia Weiss, away from other people’s eyes, because her companion was still married to Isidoro Weiss. Goya created murals on top of the Wallpaper that covered the walls of the Villa. Goya’s” black ” composition was based on rural scenes and small figures described from surrounding landscapes. He covered the walls of the house’s rooms with 14 dark oil-painted panels of a fantastic character. Seven images were on the first floor and 7 on the second. Located on the walls of a modest home, these frescoes resemble huge easel paintings. The palette is also unusual, which is dominated by olive-gray and black colors with rare disturbing spots of white, yellow and pinkish-red.
These images are now in the Prado Museum in Madrid. In modern times, Goya is considered one of the three titans-Spaniards of the permanent exhibition of the Prado, along with his idols Diego Velasquez and Peter Paul Rubens. It is believed that this work builds a bridge between these old masters and great contemporaries, prophesying expressionism and surrealism.
Reasons for creating the darkest painting in history
After the Napoleonic wars and internal political unrest in Spain, Goya became quite cruel to humanity. The situation in the country affected the artist’s perception of all the accompanying emotions of terror, fear, hysteria and reflected them especially vividly in the “Black painting”. A dark, sinister beginning prevails in the frescoes Of the “house of the deaf”, where images appear as in a nightmare. The themes of the works of “Black painting” are dark: evil, cruelty, ignorance, death.
In addition to political factors, the painting was influenced by personal tragic reasons: he survived two fatal illnesses and became increasingly restless, fearing a relapse. Using oil paints and working directly on the walls of his dining room and living room, Goya created works with dark, disturbing themes. The murals were not commissioned and should not have left his home. It is likely that the artist never intended these frescoes for public display.
The most famous and terrible mural
Perhaps the most famous and terrifying of the series of frescoes is” Saturn devouring his son ” – describes the Titan Kronos (Saturn in Roman mythology), the father of Zeus, eating one of his children. Fearing a prophecy that one of his children would overthrow him, Saturn ate each of his children after birth. Goya portrays this act of cannibalism with startling savagery. The background is black, while Saturn’s limbs and head appear bright and pop out of the shadows. Saturn’s eyes are huge and truly ominously terrible.
Goya’s frescoes are unusual and unique. They may well be placed in the chain of development of works of monumental painting.
“Black painting” was written by an artist who creates in his own space and time, communicating nothing to anyone and expressing himself alone. The results remain as personal, indelible, and confusing as dreams. Goya’s works preserve an exciting modernity, inspiring many of the world’s leading artists to create masterpieces.